Saint Kabir 15th 17th to the end of the century. Along with being a weaver in the period leading up to the beginning of the century, he was a famous saint poet. This was the period of the Bhakti movement in India. In this period of political terms, Islamic rulers were trying to establish their supremacy throughout India. They were harassing the Hindus in many ways. At that time all Hindus took the path of devotion. They took refuge in the gods and goddesses, started singing their praises and finding shelter in them.
Whether Kabir was a Hindu or a Muslim, we might never get a solution to this dispute. Neeru and Neema, this Muslim couple raised Kabir and Swami Ramanand was their guru. The mausoleums of Neeru and Neema are located in the Kabir Math of Banaras. Kabir’s compositions are proof of his knowledge and hold in various Indian scriptures. His compositions include Vedic literature, anatomy, zoology and flora, philosophy and weaving.
Many forms of Kabir’s compositions are found, such as Sakhi, Shabad, Ramani, Reversible and Vasant. The root word of sakhi is saakshi meaning saw. There are many couplets in Kabir’s works, about which he is said to have composed them when he saw something that generated many thoughts in his mind and brain. Most of his friends give us a complete view of the pearl of knowledge with one thought.
Read more – See Kabir cried, Bhagwati Sharan Mishra
Most of Kabir’s compositions have been passed down orally generation to generation. This is why we find manipulation of words in different versions of them. For example, one of his works is ‘Mein thirsty in water’. In the second line, some people sing ‘Mohe Sun Sun Awe Hasi’ and some sing it ‘Mohe Dekhte Awe Hasi’. Although the two versions have the same meaning and purpose, the words sometimes change. Kabir in his compositions addresses himself as Das Kabir. But at present, while singing his compositions, he is sometimes addressed as Sant Kabir instead of Das Kabir.
If you listen to Kabir’s couplets from the mouth of Malwa or Rajasthani singers then you will find that they convert many common words into local language. Similarly, modern singers convert words into Hindi with Sanskrit.
Read more – Kabir invoice
Kabir was a stream of flowing river, not a person. He started an ideology. After that, many ideologies came and joined them. Today we cannot tell with certainty what he composed and what he later added to his work. Although his compositions are intense, he is not traditional but in folk style.
The drops that lie in the sea, everyone sleeps, In the sea, drop by drop
Kabir – a fakir
For me Kabir was first a fakir. In the colloquial language the meaning of a fakir becomes a beggar. But the true meaning of fakir is that person who is free from all worldly attachments and shackles. A fakir is one who is able to get all the luxuries but voluntarily lives in minimum facilities. He is not affected by any kind of social pressure and for this reason he is free from thoughts.
Wanted concern, erasure, carelessness, care
The one who does not need anything, Shah of Shahan.
I like my friend Fakiri
Kabir believed in nirgun devotion. This characteristic of him makes him different from other contemporary poets. Other contemporary poets believed in Saguna devotion. Virtuous devotion means seeing God in some form or the other. Meera Bai and Surdas used to imagine God as Krishna, whereas for Tulsidas, the meaning of God was Shri Ramchandra. Kabir was probably the only poet for whom there was no form of God. His call was for the God who has no form, but who is omnipresent in every human being.
Kabir always used to ask people to look within themselves. They used to say that they should not seek God outside somewhere, but they used to introduce people to the divine element within them. This is nothing else but Advaita philosophy according to which Brahm is within you and you are Brahma yourself. He always warned people not to wander outside in search of the ultimate truth. Find it within yourself.
Read more – Kabir composed by Hazari Prasad Dwivedi
Kabir used to address people directly in his entire works. They were not the same as other poets who addressed people through God. Kabir used to communicate directly and indirectly with humans. In his poems, he called himself Sadho i.e. Sadpurush. At the same time, while speaking about human relations, he used to address them with the words of a fellow man, a friend and brother. He neither considered people low nor high. He had only placed his guru high. This means that they considered everyone equal. His creations always contained the message of equality.
He was also fully focused on minor objects. They also used to establish equality with them. For example his poem, ‘Mati says to the potter ‘ They say that life is a cycle. Today you will trample the soil, tomorrow the soil will trample you and the life cycle will continue like this. Maybe today you are thinking of yourself as powerful. It is the turn of all times. Tomorrow our situation may be completely opposite. It does not take time for the situation to change. Equivalence in all beings and objects of the universe are integral parts of Kabir’s creations. He believed in the cyclical tendency of relationships. What was yesterday may not be today and what is today may not be tomorrow. Human is always ignorant of this cycle and remains entangled in the life cycle.
Maati says to the potter, what do you crush mohe;
One day it will come, I will trample.
Kabir should not be proud, look high and stay;
Era lying dead, grass growing above.
Never slander him, who is pure but true;
When Pigeon falls away, then Pir becomes dense. .
God sits within us
The supreme knowledge that we get through his creations is that God is present within all of us and the solution to each problem is also present within us. They constantly inspire us to look inside us. They deny all the efforts you have made to reach God. They say that if you believe in God then it exists within you.
Like there is oil in sesame seeds, As fire in flint;
Tera Sai is in you, Wake up if you can
I went to see bad, Bad na milia coy;
Whatever your mind wants, Do not mind me.
Kasturi Kundal Basai, Deer find forest mahi;
Such things are Ram, See the world, Nahi.
Where to find moco, I am near you.
Mean thirsty in water….
He always said that just as the Ganges cleanses itself, similarly we humans should also clean ourselves.
Kabira Mana Nirmal Bhai, Like Ganges Neer;
Go past go around, Kahat Kabir Kabir.
Kabir’s compositions were based on his own experiences. Although they used the Vedas and Puranas, they used to give illustrations based on their experiences. He used to illustrate from the daily life of his time. He always lived as a worldly man, did deeds and made a living for the family. Along with all this he was also a seeker. He never lived on the alms given by others. Hence, he had full feeling of the joy and sufferings of earning his livelihood himself. This also gave them the freedom to express their thoughts freely. He always lived in the society so that he could see and understand that society from within. At the same time, he was also devoid of society so that he could become an observer.
I say last seen,
You say a paper pen
Kabira stood in the market, asked everyone’s well;
Neither friendship with Kahu nor hate with Kahu.
Give Sai so much, go to family
I must not be hungry, nor should I be hungry.
Seeing the moving key, Kabira cried;
Between the two roofing, Sabut bacha na koye.
Kabira teri hut, near Galaktian;
Whatever you do will be filled, why are you sad?
Kabira stands in the market, hands for Lakutia;
Jay home blows you, go with us.
Compositions of Kabir based on Guru
Through his many statements and words, Kabir tells us to form our own opinion based on our own experiences, examine the utterances of others carefully and do not blindly believe the facts heard, even if the Guru has said. Although he says that Guru is an essential means of attaining enlightenment.
Guru Govind both standing, Kake applied
Balihari Guru, you showed Govind Diyo.
When Satguru is met, Neither found nor coy;
Parents tie the yarn, This is a home
Kabira te male is blind, Say to the Guru and;
Hari Ruthe is a Guru, Guru Ruthai did not stay.
Do not look at disguise, ask knowledge;
It does not happen without a test, the identity of Kanchan.
Don’t ask about the monk, ask knowledge;
Acquire the sword, keep two sheaths lying.
They inspire us to live with ease. Since they believe in the fact that everything is within us, there is no need to bother to seek out every force and every possible energy source. In his works, this theme appears frequently. This shows that even in his era people used to suffer this kind of unnecessary suffering. This principle is equally relevant today. We are always engrossed in suffering, but do not understand why we are suffering. They also run to stand in one place. We need to be comfortable in our instincts. It makes our mind clean and life easier.
Pothi Padhi Padhi Jagi Muwa, Pandit Bhaya Na Koy;
Two and a half times of love, read it, Pandit Hoy.
The garland says that of wood, Why are you tempted?
Return the bead of the mind, Should I get it right?
No hari when i was, Now if I am Hari, I am Nahin;
Prem gali very narrow, There are no two groups.
Challenge united religion
Kabir always renounced any kind of united religion. He was so courageous that he expressed his views and questioned against Islam in Islam-ruled areas and against Hindu evils in Varanasi, his stronghold of Hindus. Sometimes he used to explain to people through simple illustration like a loving father, and sometimes he tried to bring blind devotees to the right path by beating their questions. He always criticized the pandits, maulvis and self-proclaimed scholars. His vocals were always rude in his compositions as if he was challenging the observers to come and prove his views unfair.
Kashi Kaaba is one, Ram Rahim is one;
Maida ek dish is very seated Kabira jim.
Monk starved, Starved wealth of wealth;
Hungry for money, So, sadhu nahi.
Pani piave kya phiro, wari is in the house
It will be Trishnavant, will come
Stone worships get green, So I am a mountain of worship;
It is better to eat, eat the world.
Kankar stone joints, mosque lei banae;
What do you give Mulla Bang?
Kabir repeatedly addressed the human body as Ghat ie pitcher. We can discuss this at many levels. Physically, it is made from soil and eventually dissolves in soil. Figuratively, it is a blank, and it is up to the human being to fill in what happens. What is a human being is based on the fact that who we contain in this depleted body. They say that everything is ingrained in the human body, good, bad, ugly, even God.
Jogi Gorakh Gorakh,
Hindu name pickles;
Muslims say a dig,
Kabir was blessed by the owner.
Kabir is Soi Pir, who suffers on the go;
Who does not suffer, so Kafir Bapir.
This is the only thing that happened
Kabir and Maya
Kabir considers worldly Maya to be the root of all evil. According to him, Maya is the dakini who weaves such an illusion in which humans, even God, can be lost. They say that this world is an illusion created by Maya, and to experience the truth, we have to be free from the clutches of this illusion. Along with Maya, they also say, we have to understand well that each of us is completely alone.
Awadhu, Maya is not refreshed ..
Swan will fly alone ..
Death and Kabir
Finally, death is also an integral part of his creations. They consider death not the end, but the only truth of human life. In fact, Varanasi is considered to be the city of death where the celebration of death is celebrated. The same sentiment also appears in the writings of Kabir. He repeatedly talks about the fragility of human life, like water on the reverse. Therefore, humans should not be enamored with their lives. In the context of death, they discuss about human nature, that a man does many such fruitless tasks as if he is going to live for eternity. They want us to remember this, ultimately it is death that we have to embrace, whether we wish it or not. We should live only after taking death into consideration.
After seeing the gardener, call the buds;
Phule Phule Chun Liye, Kaal Hamari Bar
Sadho this dead village.
Come with me, find Kabir – the idea is as simple as it is on the one hand, it is as deep as the other.
Translation: Madhumita Tamhane