Pushkar is an ancient pilgrimage site that is found in many mythological legends of Indian scriptures. People immediately relate this to the falsehood of the only Bramha temple in the entire world. Many other temples of Brahma can also be seen at other sites. Yes! It is another matter that the temples of Brahma Ji are generally not visible. Their philosophies are rare. Here many misconceptions and legends related to Brahma Ji are still alive.
It is believed that each epoch is associated with a major pilgrimage site in the 7 epochs of mankind on earth. The first era i.e. Satyuga is related to Naimisharanya the second era i.e. Tretayuga is related to Pushkar, the third era i.e. Dwapara Yuga is related to Kurukshetra and the fourth era i.e. the present-day Kali Yuga is related to Ganga. In the last year, I had succeeded in seeing these four pilgrimage centers. It seemed to me as if I had crossed time and reached the ancient times.
This pool is located in the heart of Pushkar city. The life of the entire city revolves around Pushkar Tal. Savitri Temple is situated on a hill. A panoramic view of the entire city is obtained from here. From here you can see Taal, Pushkar city located around Taal and the hills located around the city. If luck favors you, you can also see Indra Dhanush, as I saw. It seemed like a bridge between the rainbow pool and the sky.
Ghats are built around the pool. Most of the ghats were built by different Rajputana rulers. The names of these rulers are also inscribed on them. Some of the Ghats have names related to the temples near them while some of the Ghats are named after the legends attached to them.
The major ghats of Pushkar Tal are as follows:
• Bramha Ghat – This is a major ghat located near the Bramha temple.
• Varah Ghat – This ghat is located near the ancient Varaha temple.
• Jaipur Ghat – one of the largest and cleanest ghats here.
• Yajna Ghat – It is considered to be the oldest place here where Brahma performed the Yagna.
• Sneehmata Ghat – 15th here. There is a Devi temple of the century dedicated to the sneezing form of the goddess.
• Dadhichi Ghat
• Saptarshi Ghat
• Gau Ghat – Gandhi’s bones were immersed here, after which it is named Gandhi Ghat.
• Gwalior Ghat was built by the Scindia dynasty of Gwalior.
Kota Ghat was built by the king of Kota.
• Karni Ghat
• Shiva Ghat
• Gangaur Ghat where the festival of Gangaur is held.
• Gobind Ghat which is related to Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Sing Ji.
• Zanana Ghat for women
• Bhadwar Ghat or Municipality Ghat
• Kapalamochan Ghat
Tour Around Pushkar Tal
While touring around the Taal, you will see many small and big temples here. Most of these temples are dedicated to Shiva. You will also see many ancient statues scattered around. I found this very strange. On asking, it became known that if a statue of a villager is broken, he leaves it here. Ideally, they should be dedicated to the holy water of the pool. But there is a limit to the rhythm of assimilating them.
Somewhere there are paintings on the reefs. But they do not have the grandeur of the Ghats of Varanasi. There is a nameplate on each ghat on which the name of the ghat and its brief information is written.
You will find a scene very unique. Here Pandit keeps a continuous record of the lineage of the pilgrims who came to Pushkar in the Red Book.
You can easily call this place the white city of Rajasthan. Most of the ghats here are painted in white. I also consider white color as related to Brahma.
Until a few decades ago, this pool was filled with crocodiles and fish. Boating was never allowed in the waters of the pools. But when Gandhiji’s ashes were brought here for immersion, it was decided to remove the crocodiles from here. Here you can see the last few crocodiles in a small temple located near the Bhadwar Ghat.
Three ancient rhythms of Pushkar
Many people believe that the main rhythm is the only rhythm of Pushkar. The truth is that there are three ancient rhythms here which are also mentioned in scriptures like Padma Purana. So at this time, I decided to find the other two rhythms as well. These three rhythms are known by different names. Some call them Brahma, Vishnu, and Rudra Taal, and some know them by the name of Jyeshtha, Madhyam, and Junior Tal.
Of these, Bramha Pushkar is the predominant rhythm, the above which I have just mentioned.
It is a very pleasing pool situated on the outskirts of Pushkar city. If you are coming to Pushkar by road from Jaipur, then before entering the city, you will see this rhythm. This old man is more popularly known as Pushkar.
There are beautiful high ghats of this pool that have been built by the rocks. Across the pool are hills, whose reflections on the calm waters of the pool seem very attractive. Bathing pools are built near the ghat. I came here immediately after Ganesh Chaturthi. Several small and large idols of Ganesha were kept near the pool. The signs of his consecration were visible everywhere. The Gaumatas were roaming here and there as if they had set out on an evening walk.
There are many small temples around the palate. There is a small garden behind the ghats near which there is also a small stepwell. This stepwell is called Sri 108 Sri Rudra Gaumukh Kund or Straight Rudra Kund. On one side is a small temple of Shiva. There are 108 Shivling around the pool. This Shivling is on the same plaque. A small Nandi is sitting in front of them.
When I came here, no devotee was present here. Only a few Gaumatas and dogs were traveling here and there. Perhaps the time of my visit was not right. It is a beautiful rhythm. If it was clean, it would be the icing on the cake!
Vishnu or Madhyam Pushkar
The main rhythm of Pushkar is very popular. As soon as you enter the city, the old palace also gives a complete impression of its presence. Everyone knows very well about them in the city. But Madhyam Pushkar is hidden from the main road. It took us some time to know where it is. After reaching near it, we saw information plates pointing towards it.
In the last stroke of the evening, I could see a beautiful stepwell even during light which had a circular well in the middle. There were small temples around it. According to an information board located there, this place is the confluence of the Chandra and Saraswati rivers. At one time it was a huge pool but now it is only a stepwell. Thursday is a very important day for the pilgrimage here.
Rudra Kund and Vishnu Kund, both of these structures are of typical stepwell which is similar to the moon stepwell of Abhaneri.
Paanch Pandava Shrine
There is a small Nageshwar Mahadev temple near the foothills which has five different pools. These five Kunds are related to the five Pandava brothers. Their names are Nag Kund, Chandra Kund, Surya Kund, Padma Kund, and Ganga Kund. I was told that this place is considered very suitable for the prevention of Kaal Sarp dosha. This is why this place is very popular. Due to some distance from the city, you will need some local knowledge to reach here.
Places To Visit In Pushkar
Like any other pilgrimage site, this place is also filled with temples. You will not be able to count them even if you want to. Let me introduce you to some of these prominent places:
Bramha Temple is the most popular temple here. It is related to the legend about the creation of Pushkar Tal. It is believed that this temple was built by sage Vishwamitra. During his visit, Adi Shankara has also contributed to the creation of this temple. Aurangzeb attacked this temple and damaged it. It was then rebuilt by the Maharaj of Ratlam.
The legend related to Bramha temple
According to Padma Purana, at one time Brahma Ji was trying to slay the demon Vajranabha by Kamal Dandi. During this process, the lotus fell in three places. Three places of Pushkar were composed in those places.
Brahma decided to perform a Yagna on the largest of them. To protect it from the Asuras, they created four hills around this pool. You can see these four hills while visiting any of the temples of the three goddesses situated above the three hills.
He needed the support of his wife Savitri to perform the Yagna. But there was a delay in reaching Savitri. Due to lack of time, he married Gayatri and performed a yajna with her. Savitri became angry with this. He cursed Bramha that he would not be worshiped at any other place except Pushkar. After that, she went to the hill nearby and started living there and started protecting this place. While Gayatri started living in this temple with Brahma.
Bramha Temple is situated on a high base. The stairs in front of it lead to the entrance of the temple. Chhatris and temples are built in typical Rajasthani architecture. The temple is not as big as it is popular. It has a pavilion within which there are columns painted in bright blue. The summit of the sanctum sanctorum is painted in orange color. There is also a beautiful archway decorating the temple in the frame.
Quadruped Brahma idol
There is a Chaturmukhi idol of Brahma with the statue of Gayatri Devi on its left. The hill on the right is the abode of Savitri Devi. Brahma, riding on his vehicle Hans, has Akshamala, Kamandal, Ved and Kush in four hands. In the same complex is a small temple dedicated to Amba behind the Bramha temple. Below one floor are some small temples dedicated to Shiva.
When the devotees visit this temple, they traditionally bathe in the holy cascade, visit the Brahma and then visit other temples.
Poornima and Amavas night are special for this temple. Especially Kartik Purnima, which comes after 15 days of Diwali, is considered the most sacred.
Attapteshwar Temple is the oldest temple of Pushkar. Its surface is below the surface. To reach here one has to descend some stairs and go further from inside a narrow tunnel from where you will reach a small chamber. An ancient Shivling is located here. It is believed that the color of the rock of this Shivling changes many times in a day. I could not see this event but it must be an interesting event because not even a ray of the sun reaches the Shivling.
According to legends, this is the same place where Shiva participated in the Yagna organized by Brahma.
There are many ancient paintings on the reefs of the temple, on which 12 Jyotirlingas are painted in ocher color. Although the pictures are becoming bleak, they are still very beautiful. A snake is encircling the Shivalinga located inside the temple. Perhaps Shiva is seated here in his Nageswara or Pashupatinath form. Ancient images located here indicate that at some time there must have been a huge temple.
A new temple is located near the ancient temple. The Nandi statue on the road seems very ancient. These two temples have a wonderful blend of antiquity and navigability.
The Varaha Temple is an ancient temple located near the Varah Ghat. There is a huge statue of Dharmaraja on the platform of the temple. Within the sanctum sanctorum is a pleasing statue of the Varaha avatar of Vishnu. This temple seemed more like a mansion.
But when you go to the back of the temple, while observing the temple, you will see the ancient stone structure of the temple. This part of the temple is deprived of idols that may have adorned the place at some time. I sat in the back of the temple for a few moments wondering where these idols eventually went. Displayed in a museum or adorning the collection of a private collector or merged in the earth?
Ranganathji’s Old Temple
Ranganathji’s temple is built in the South Indian Dravid style, whose gopuram is very large. The temple complex is large. Priests also offer prayers in the South Indian method. Devotees are prohibited from entering at the time of worship.
11th This temple built in the century belongs to the Ramanujacharya community of Vaishyas. The main temple is dedicated to the Ranganathji avatar of Vishnu. Nearby are temples dedicated to Lakshmi and Kodamba. There are pleasing frescoes all around the temple.
There is an elevated bastion outside the temple type. Here is a collection of books chanting the Ram Naam writing filled by you. I found it very interesting.
There is also a small museum in the temple complex where the festive chariots used in various festivals of the temple are displayed. There is also a picture gallery where there are pictures of the holy places of Pushkar. Photographing is not allowed here.
Naveen Ranganathji Temple
The new Ranganathaji temple is located near the old Ranganathaji temple. Someone here told me the story about this temple that once upon a time a wealthy Sethaniji was prevented from entering the old Ranganathaji temple for some reason. Then he established a new Ranganathaji temple for himself.
Vishwakarma Temple – Dedicated to Vishwakarma, the architect of the gods
Devnarayan and Ramdev Temple – This is the temple of devotees of the Gujjar community.
Shani Temple – This is a replica of the Shani Shingnapur Temple in Maharashtra.
Giridhar Gopal Temple – This is a very pleasing temple. It has attractive frescoes on its walls. At some time it was Parashuramacharya ashram.
108 Mahadev Temple – This temple is situated on the Ghat of the same name.
At one crossroads is a high five-story Hanuman temple.
Devi Temple of Pushkar
There are three major Goddess temples in Pushkar. These three temples are on top of three hills which are located around Pushkar Tal and the city. Let’s visit him one by one.
Savitri Mata Temple
It is the most popular of the Goddess temples of Pushkar. The reason for this is probably the stories related to the creation of Pushkar Nagar. The Savitri temple is situated atop a triangular hill. There are two routes to reach here. The first route is 400 steps, from where it takes an hour. The second route is the ropeway, that is, the ropeway from where we reach the hill in 5 to 4 minutes. If you are not afraid of physical exertion, then you can enjoy the thrill of reaching the hill on foot.
It is a small temple. There are marble statues of Savitri and her daughter Saraswati in marble. A small shop nearby sells items to offer to the goddess. I spent a few moments in peace within this ancient temple.
This temple situated on a hill gives an amazing panoramic view of Pushkar Nagar. In the evening I came here, I was making a rainbow out of Pushkar Tal and reaching the sky. From above you can see how these three hills protect the city of Pushkar. The bird’s eye view of Pushkar Nagar and Tal, the spirituality and legends associated with them, is a wonderful experience to get together.
Ekadashi Mata or Papa Mochini Mata Temple
This temple is situated on another hill. The only way to reach here is to climb the steep slope of the high hill. I did not show the courage to climb it, but I was told that some devotees often climb this hill to visit this temple.
Manibandi Shaktipeeth means Manivadic Devi Temple
This is a Shakti Peeth. Goddess Sati’s wrists fell here when Shiva, who was enraged by sacrificing her life in the fire of Sati, performed a Tandava dance on Sati’s body. This temple is also situated on a high hill, which is very difficult to climb. Therefore, a small temple was built at the foot of the hill where you can worship the Goddess by worshiping her.
It is a small red-colored temple. The sanctum sanctorum of the temple has many forms of the Goddess. There is a temple dedicated to Bhairav near this temple. The Bhairav temple is almost inevitably visible near the Shaktipeeth temples. This Goddess temple is also called Chamunda temple in common language.
Gayatri Mata Temple
This temple is located in the main city. It is not an ancient temple, whereas the statue of Gayatri located inside the Brahma temple is ancient. This small temple painted in yellow color is constructed by the Gayatri family. This is the best place to see and buy literature related to Gayatri.
This is also a small temple inside which are the Deities of Mahalakshmi, Mahakali, and Mahasaraswati. The Pindi form of the sneeze mother also sits inside the temple. I was told that newly married couples come to this temple after marriage to see the Goddess.
Hinglaj Mata Temple
This temple is situated on the Ghat of Pushkar Tal.
The ancient pilgrimage centers of India often have ashrams of sages and sages. Pushkar has ashrams of Agastya Muni, Vishwamitra and Jamadagni. To reach most ashrams one has to travel on foot.
Kanbe Kshirsagar Temple of Surajkund
I accidentally found this temple. I was staying in a rest house in a place called Surajkund. I asked my guide, where is the pool that Surajkund got its name from? He pointed to the oldest statue of Sheshasayi Vishnu in Kshirsagar. He told that there is a small pool or stepwell near the temple.
We arrived here while driving through the fields of millet and sunflower. There is a small house like the temple of Radha Krishna in the temple. That is why it is called Gopi Krishna Temple.
The specialty of this temple is an ancient idol of Vishnu built in black stone, which sits in Sheshasayi posture. According to the sources of the temple, this idol of 7 to 10 feet tall is the most ancient. By that logic, it is considered to be the oldest temple in the world. It is believed that Bramha originated from a lotus that came out of Vishnu’s navel. Vishnu killed the asuras named Madhu and Catabh here.
This fair is organized from Kartik Shukla Ekadashi to Kartik Purnima of the Hindu calendar. That is, this fair is 11th from Deepawali. The day starts and lasts for 5 days. According to the Puranas, 11th of Kartik month. Lord Vishnu wakes up after his 6-month sleep. Many sacred religious rituals are performed and celebrations are done at this time. Many festivals are organized in major pilgrimage sites across India. Among them, bathing in holy water is most important.
Kartik Purnima is also organized by many other names, such as Tripurari Purnima in Goa and Dev Deepavali in Varanasi.
Pushkar is also very popular for the camel fair. In ancient times, people used to come to Pushkar to take a dip in the holy waters of Pushkar Tal on the day of Kartik Purnima. Pilgrims from far and wide used to discuss various topics among themselves. He also saw his business opportunities visible. Since then the cattle trade started. Being a desert, cattle were predominantly camels. Now the camel fair has become the global identity of Pushkar.
Millions of people come from all over the world to attend and visit the Pushkar Camel Fair. At that time all hotels and guestrooms are filled. Many tents are planted in the fairground and camels are decorated. The entire place becomes resonant with music and music. There is a splash of colors of Rajasthan all around. Many tourists come here to enjoy them all.
Various types of ornaments are organized around the holy site of Pushkar. The Padma Purana mentions four types of circumambulation paths around Pushkar.
There is a circumambulation of 4.5 kos ie 21 km which is organized during the Pushkar fair and it takes three days to complete it. You can get information about this parikrama from the Ranganathji temple.
A small circumambulation is done around the ghats. Most of the devotees perform this parikrama. It is a walk of about 2 km which can be completed in 1 to 2 hours. Keep in mind that this orbit should be done in a clockwise direction. That means the rhythm will always be on your right.
Taste These Dishes In Pushkar
All the typical dishes of Rajasthan are found in Pushkar. Of these, you must taste these two dishes.
Kadhi Pakodi – You must have a breakfast of the famous Kadhi Pakodi in the popular Chaat Bhandar of Pushkar. The parodies are poured directly into the pan with oil embroidery and spicy curry is served over it.
Do you know that Pushkar is a completely vegetarian city?
Malpua – This is a very popular dish of this popular temple town of Rajasthan. Walking on the ghats of Taal, you will see hot Malpuas in big characters. You must eat them. I know, after eating them you will bless me.
The streets around Bramha Temple and Tal are filled with small shops. From here you can bring these monuments-
• Kubera statue made in Ashtadhatu
• rose water
• Swords and daggers to decorate on the reefs
• Jewelry and bags made by hand
• Lac Bangles
• Camel Made
Hotel ie Guesthouse
Despite being an ancient pilgrimage site, it has gained popularity all over the world. There are many guest houses and hotels here for the convenience of domestic and foreign tourists. From Dharamshalas to cheap hotels, medium-sized guest houses and high-level resorts outside the city are available. You can choose these according to your budget.
With the help of ‘ The Westin Pushkar Resort and Spa ‘, I visited the holy city of Pushkar. It was also very enjoyable for me to stay in this resort in connection with nature.
You must have at least two days to visit Pushkar and nearby places of interest.